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Introduction

The rules for A.D.1387 come from the desire to propose to the re-enactors a battle the more historically possible, making treasure of the past experiences and the observations and applications of the participants of the previous editions.

One of the principal novelties will be the recalling of a battle really happened in 1387 near Castrocaro. This will involve a restriction of the historical period regarding the armors brought in field that must follow to the inclusive period between 1360 and the 1410.


Thanks to Marcin Rogowski "Kokosz"
http://www.kokoszowamanufaktura.eu/
for the concession of the use of some photos contained in this page.

Insurance Coverage

RCT Insurance Coverage is in demand for every armed man or archer that takes part in the battle. Such coverage can be personal or stipulated cumulatively by the group of affiliation..

Introduction to the Battle

- War Council
- Presentation of the Companies of soldiers
- Counting of the troops
- Nomination of the Captains and the Officials for line up
- Nomination of the Marshals
- Close examination of the rules

Heraldry

To maintain a high reconstructive standard, you cannot take into battle flags that indicate names of groups that at least they are not a reconstruction of a particular flag really existed.

For any questions please send an email to info@ad1387.com


Control of Weapons and Armors

The organizers and the judges of field will provide to perform an accurate control of weapons and armors before the entrance of the troops on the battlefield.

The conditions of the equipment, both defensive and offensive, of the participants will be verified (see the following) with particular attention toward stains of rust, indentations, drivels and signs of usury that could reveal dangerous. To facilitate the groups, the organizers will be available to effect a preventive control with the purpose to avoid disagreeable drawbacks.

Armours

There will always be discordant opinions on the typologies of armament adopted in certain historical periods, above all tied up to the geographical zones.

Insofar we hold opportune to define a guide line on the type of armament that can be adopted in the battlefield.

In case of doubts on your equipment we invite you to contact us at the following e-mail: info@ad1387.com

Helmet:
Bascinets are admitted with or without visor and kettle helms.

Some examples


Froissart Chroniques
1410
Froissart Chroniques Paris 1410
Esmoun de Malyns
1385
From the Churburg Castle, circa 1385

Protections for the neck:

Bevor
Bevor made of chainmail, of gambeson or gorgets of gambeson are admitted.
Only riveted chainmail

Some examples:

Gorgets
Gorgets in leather, in gambeson, in chainmail or in iron are admitted

Some examples



OK

OK

OK

OK



Don Alvaro de Cabrera

Chest:
Breastplates in leather or iron, chainmail shirts possibly made of rings not nickeled or too much shiny (in this case it should be possibly hidden under the breastplates or the surcoats).

For the infantry in second line it is possible to use only the gambeson but only if well stuffed.

Some examples:

Lamiere churburg 1370/90
Corazzina Wisby 1361
Corazzina Italiana 1380/1410
Metropolitan Museum 1400

Protection for arms:
Protections are admitted in simple leather or strengthened with parts in iron and complete arms in iron.

We strongly recommend the use of the elbow cops.

Some examples

Rudolf IV 1360

Shoulder Plates:

Allowed: shoulder plates with only one plate or at most the first composite structure that don't cover all the shoulder or part of the chest.

Some Examples

Sir Reginald Cobham Tardo XIV sec

Gloves:
We only admit hourglass gloves with flake fingers, in plates, in leather or in chainmail.
Mitten gloves are not allowed.

Some examples




Genital:
We recommend a protection for the genitals under the hose.

Legs:
Protections are admitted in gambeson or in leather or in iron. Knee-guards in iron or leather.
Greaves also in iron or leather

Some examples


Shields:
We admit squared shields, crossbowman pavise and gothic.

MINIMAL DEFENSIVE EQUIPMENT ALLOWED:

FIRST LINE:
-Helmet, recommended closed.
-Bevor or Gorget
- Gambeson under the chainmail shirt or breastplate in leather or iron.
-Gloves and elbow cops. We also recommend pauldrons and complete protections for forearms and humerus.
- Padded cuisses (legs in gambeson) and protections for knees and tibias. We recommend protections in iron or leather more or less complete.

SECOND LINE
- Helmet
- Gloves
- Gambeson with tall neck if you don't wear bevors or gorgets.
- We recommend at least elbow cops and knee-guards.

WEAPONS:

HAND WEAPONS

Swords:
We admit one-hand swords, two-handed swords and one hand and a half swords, with rounded points and thread at least of 2mm.

Clubs: Clubs are admitted in wood with diameter 4 cm. and length maximum 60 cm

Axes: Axes are admitted only one-handed with a light blade not sharpened (at least 2mm) and rounded points. .

POLEARMS:

Spears and poleaxes are admitted.
Spears must have the spherical terminal part.

an example

Poleaxes must have a thread at least of 2mm and if there are points they must have the spherical terminal part.

USE OF THE POLEARMS:
With spears you can only hit the enemy in the trunk with the point. It is not allowed to throw upward hits from the lower part.

Poleaxes can strike the enemy's first line only from the second line, downward on the helmet or on the shield. We recommend to avoid hitting the neck or the shoulders.

USE OF THE HAND WEAPONS:
It is only allowed to strike the head and the trunk. We severely forbid the use of the points

FORBIDDEN WEAPONS:
Weapons not admitted: clubs and war hammers; ball flails; daggers; blades that measure less than 50 cm all out.

Any reproduction of fire weapons is forbidden.


ASSAULTS:
Every group must follow the commands of the captain and the sergeants and should try to move in formation.

The armed one is allowed to simulate his/her own death without restrictions given by quantity of suffered hits. We suggest not to collapse in the middle of the field but to move out of the fray.

Women Armed
Point n° 4 drawn by the rule of customs, armors and camp..

Women are allowed to fight in battle with fit armor, but during the normal activities in the camps they must wear female costumes and cover their head or wear a hair style consistent to the historical period represented in the event.

ARCHERS' RULES:

Regolamento arcieri a cura della
Compagnia della Mandragora


INSURANCE COVERAGE RCT
An insurance coverage is in demand for every archer that takes part to the battle. Such coverage can be personal or stipulated cumulatively by the group of affiliation.
ALLOWED BOWS:
Historical bows: bow drawn by an entire wood piece or in composite material like horn and wood foils glued with animal glue and covered by tendon or skin.
This category includes European bows (italic, Venetian, Piedmontese) or oriental bows (tartars, magiari, Turkish, Saracen).
All wood types are admitted with particular preference for those of European area.
Rest bows of any type are not admitted and the arrow must lean on the hand that grasps the bow.
The rope can be in natural yarns like hemp and flax or in synthetic yarns in natural color (for a safety matter) Bows are approved up to 45 pounds.
Bows of historical style: this category is introduced for allowing a greater involvement of archers in battle. For "bow of historical style" we intend the bow of European or oriental (type "kassai") built with modern materials (synthetic fibers, epoxy glue, etc.) provided that it is concealed by natural materials as skin, tendon or wood.
Rest bows of any type are not admitted and the arrow must lean on the hand that grasps the bow.
The rope can be in natural yarns like hemp and flax or in synthetic yarns in natural color (for a safety matter) Bows are approved up to 45 pounds.

Modern bows are therefore forbidden (take down, compound, Olympic etc.) as well bows with anachronistic coverings (Es.braid, garish colors).
The bows must be in very good state of maintenance and they must not show evident defects (cracks, time-worn ropes) that can compromise their safety.

ALLOWED ARROWS:

The arrows must have shafts in wood or reed and the nock must be directly carved in the shaft or brought on the shaft in natural materials like hard woods, horn or bone. Nocks are not admitted in plastic. The fletching must be in natural feather and with natural colors avoiding fluorescent or garish colors. Points admitted in battle are the so called "blunt": caps in rubber with non garish colors firmly fixed to the shaft with scotch-tape as to make it a whole piece. Caps are not admitted in cork or in plastic material that show one or more holes on the front. The part of the shaft that is inserted in the blunt must not show points or splinters. The arrows must be in good state of maintenance and they must not show therefore cracks, splinters, damaged feathers or partial fletching.

N.B. We ask for at least a supply of 20 (winds) blunt arrows for every archer in every single battle (Saturday + Sunday).

We also request a stock of blunt points, to replace the eventually missing points after the recovery of the arrows once the battle is over.


ATTIRE::

To be able to participate in the battle archers must wear headgear, suit and medieval footwear becoming to the recalled historical period with the addition of at least the following protections: aventail or helmet, gambeson. A fray weapon is warmly recommended worn at the belt but should not be in any way employed in the hand to hand conflict.
Quiver, small gloves, protection for hand and arm are admitted provided that they are consistent to the recalled period and in fit material.
Sight glasses are not admitted

Women are allowed access to the line up of the archers, in menswear and with the protections required.

Weapons Check:

Following the reunion of the captains we will carry out a preliminary check on bows and arrows directly in the encampments of groups that provide archers as to check the validity of the equipment that will be used in battle. A second and definite weapon check will be carry out before accessing the battlefield.

THROWING IN FORMATION:

Some draughts will be introduced in formation in equal number to the anticipated assaults for the battle. Every draught will be articulated strong and clear from the orders of the commander of the archers with cadence pre-arranged in the reunion of the captains. The end of every session of draughts will be articulated once more from the commander's order as to allow the line up to get ready for the hand to hand combat. In this phase, the archers will be prepared in line behind their own formation with the bow supported by the foot.
We ask the archers the availability to make a possible test inside the battleground to see some elementary movements in formation.

VALID TARGETS:

See rules of battle. .

TYPOLOGIES OF DRAUGHT:

The draught is only admitted "instinctive."

The hold effected during the traction of the arrow must be with two fingers (index above and middle under the feather) or with three fingers (index above, middle and ring finger under the feather). For the bows of oriental style held by characters in oriental attire the system of release with the thumb through ring in bone, skin or bronze. The hookup and the point of release are free (to the mouth, to the breast or to the ear) provided that it respects the character.
We admit both direct throws or parables.

Norms of Behavior:
It is absolutely forbidden to intentionally aim to adversaries' faces.
Every archer is kept to respect the orders of the commander and to perform them in the better possible way. The archers should not engage in hand to hand fight with an infantry adversary. If the battle foresees a line up of archers for every fighting faction it is absolutely forbidden to subtract, to damage or to destroy the hostile arrows.
We ask the availability of some participants to recover the arrows struck in every assault. A component of our group, with a pannier, will collect all the recovered arrows. This person will also check all the used arrows before they can be reutilized.
A particular attention will always turn however to the safety, without nevertheless damaging the truthfulness of the fight.



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© Massimiliano Lo Cicero